predatory birds texas

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. These birds are notable for their vocalization, especially their remarkable ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. The silky-flycatchers are a small family of passerine birds which occur mainly in Central America. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. Your contact information is used to deliver requested updates or to access your subscriber preferences. The family Ardeidae contains the herons, egrets, and bitterns. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Most, but not all, are rather plain. Birds of prey include hawks, eagles, owls, osprey, kites and falcons. Includes photos and descriptions of behavior, habitat, and seasonal occurrence. As a family they are omnivorous, but individual species specialize in eating fruits, seeds, insects, or other types of food. Their bodies tend to be elongated, the neck more so, with rather long legs. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. These birds have adaptations which allows them to submerge and walk on the bottom to feed on insect larvae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae. Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of colored skin on the face. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae. They are typically associated with open woodland. The gnatcatchers are mainly soft bluish gray in color and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. The icterids are a group of small to medium-sized, often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. The storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. “Birds of prey are really any bird that has a curved beak and talons, and they are also carnivores,” says Laura VonMutius, education manager for the Audubon Center for Birds of Prey in Maitland, Florida. The oystercatchers are large, obvious, and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs. These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their structure and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. any personal information to the agency. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills. … Before I list my most dangerous animals in Texas, I do want to make it clear that virtually all wild animals just want to be left alone and present no threat to humans under normal circumstances. See more ideas about Birds, Pet birds, Beautiful birds. These are mainly small arboreal insectivores, many of which, as the name implies, take their prey on the wing. E-Newsletter Archive. The gallery contains 320 birds that are seen in the Upper Texas Coast area. Pandionidae is a monotypic family of fish-eating birds of prey. Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. In the Bohemian and cedar waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax and give the group its name. Oyster, shrimp, clams mussels and some crabs subject to license requirements, possessions limits, means and methods of take and size restrictions. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. Visit the best birdwatching spots in the United States, including the species you'll see in each location, and when they migrate throughout the year. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Their soft plumage is cryptically colored to resemble bark or leaves. The wood-warblers are a group of small often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. The UK’s birds of prey come in a huge The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Several species often hold their tails upright. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. All are insectivorous. Birds appeal to our appreciation of diversity and beauty, and birdwatching provides a great opportunity to enjoy the great outdoors. Black Gap Wildlife Management Area Peregrine Falcon … One boy suffered cuts to the face after a gull stole his sausage. Identifying these birds of prey can be exciting; however, it is important to be careful and bring the right equipment in order to stay safe. The adults have colored crowns, giving rise to their name. Manage My Subscriptions, archive  Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. They feed on seeds, fruit, and plants. Their food is insects and seeds. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans with exceptionally long central tail feathers. They encourage people to … Typical or "true" owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. Finches are seed-eating passerine birds that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Many species have distinctive black head patterns (especially males) and long, regularly cocked, black-and-white tails. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. They have longish bills with hooked tips and webbed feet with sharp claws. The plumage displayed by this bird can vary widely depending upon age, color morph, and whether migratory subspecies are in the area. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. Loons are aquatic birds, the size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated. Birds of prey, also known as raptors, include species of bird that primarily hunt and feed on vertebrates that are large relative to the hunter. They lack the powder down that other wading birds such as herons, spoonbills, and ibises use to clean off fish slime. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. The members of the birds of prey consists of the mighty California Condor, an endangered species that is struggling to survive on a continent where its habitat is shrinking and man-made obstructions are hindering its survival. Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures. It was placed in its own family in 2017. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet. Texas A&M University Press, College Station. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. Identify birds in North America for bird watching or as a bird guide. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Cover photo by Chase Fountain, TPWD. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. Oct 23, 2020 - Explore Melissa Geis's board "Birds of Houston & Texas", followed by 388 people on Pinterest. Written descriptions of sight records of these species have been accepted by the TBRC. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. The northern mockingbird is the state bird of Texas. 12 BIRDS OF PREY WITH CALL No copyright infringement intended. Many have attractive songs. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. The Calcariidae are a group of passerine birds that had been traditionally grouped with the New World sparrows, but differ in a number of respects and are usually found in open grassy areas. The TOS handbook of Texas birds. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. The species tend towards dull grays and browns in their appearance. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteriidae. Red-tailed Hawks are year round residents, but their numbers increase in the winter when northern populations migrate into Texas. Cranes are large, long-legged, and long-necked birds. … The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. Texas Birds Introducing Texans to Common Birds Unless otherwise noted, photos courtesy of Jim DeVries. The family Threskiornithidae includes the ibises and spoonbills. The list of birds of Texas is the official list of species recorded in the U.S. state of Texas according to the Texas Bird Records Committee (TBRC) of the Texas Ornithological Society. The footage is used for educational purposes. The males have colored inflatable throat pouches. Vultures are also sometimes included as birds of prey. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. A shrike's beak is hooked, like that of a typical bird of prey. This species was historically placed in the wood-warblers (Parulidae) but nonetheless most authorities were unsure if it belonged there. Wild Birds: All wild birds that migrate through or are indigenous to Texas, along with their plumage or other parts, eggs, nests and young are protected from harming, killing and/or possession by state and federal law except that European starlings, English sparrows, and feral pigeons may be killed at any time and their nests and eggs may be destroyed. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. The olive warbler has a gray body with some olive-green on the wings and two white wing bars. Text by Mark Klym. They are small to medium-sized birds. Most members of this family are insectivores. McKinney, B. R. 1994. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. Starlings and mynas are small to medium-sized Old World passerine birds with strong feet. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. Night Vision. Predators and Prey Abound. Birds of Prey include; the condor, eagles, falcons, harrier, hawks, osprey, shrikes, vultures and more. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. The list of birds of Texas is the official list of species recorded in the U.S. state of Texas according to the Texas Bird Records Committee (TBRC) of the Texas Ornithological Society. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae. Birds of Prey Large birds of prey, such as eagles, owls and hawks, may appear majestic in flight, but can ravage a population of wild birds. Find birds of south texas stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The approximately 30 species in this family were formerly lumped with the families Pipridae and Cotingidae. Storks lack a pharynx and are mute. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Most of the more than 150 species in this family are found in the New World. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. They have long, broad wings. They are typically greenish in color and resemble wood-warblers apart from their heavier bills. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. Some have crests. Skuas and jaegers are in general medium to large birds, typically with gray or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae. For birders and identification of wild birds. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump with broad relatively short wings. ‘Birds of prey’ are large, predatory bird species that have hooked bills, sharp talons, strong feet, and keen eyesight and hearing. Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". Most are arboreal, but some are more terrestrial. They include the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. This is the only species in its family. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae. Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in Texas as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterized by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary. Snakes: While most snakes are not fast or agile enough to catch birds, even slower, more deliberate snakes such as boas or pythons will prey on eggs and nests. They are related to waxwings and most species have small crests. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. The cardinals are a family of robust seed-eating birds with strong bills. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Trogons are residents of tropical forests worldwide with the greatest diversity in Central and South America. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thamnophilidae. [1] Of them, 163 are considered review species. This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of the Check-list of North and Middle American Birds, 7th edition through the 61st Supplement, published by the American Ornithological Society (AOS). Though the members of this family are similar in many respects to the southern storm-petrels, including their general appearance and habits, there are enough genetic differences to warrant their placement in a separate family. As of June 2020, the list contained 654 … The long-tailed tits are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. what birds and animals, perceived as predatory, can be legally controlled and under what circumstances, rather than a detailed discussion of individual regulations. Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A 10-foot-tall carnivorous bird roamed the Earth millions of years ago, but it wasn't trapped in isolation. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secretive. Most animals will only attack people if they are either surprised and feel directly threatened, or if they are attempting to protect their young. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. Until 2018, this family's three species were included with the other storm-petrels in family Hydrobatidae. "Check-list of North and Middle American Birds", "Google map of locations related to thick billed parrots", List of birds of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, National Register of Historic Places Sites, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_Texas&oldid=985704483, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 13:31. Vultures are also sometimes included as birds of prey. . Most of the species are known as sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. They are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. Additionally, they have keen eyesight for detecting food at a distance or during flight, strong feet equipped with talons for grasping or … Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. The chachalacas, guans, and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae. Anhingas are cormorant-like water birds with very long necks and long straight beaks. Its single species possesses a very large and powerful hooked beak, strong legs, strong talons, and keen eyesight. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes the avocets and stilts. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae. The birds can weigh more than 3 pounds, with wingspans Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. However, they did not meet the criteria (identifiable specimen, photo, video, or audio recording) for inclusion on the official list. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Raptors typically feed on small mammals and birds, including finches, sparrows and many As the name implies, most are insectivorous. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. the color was was … Identify birds in North America for bird watching or as a bird guide. Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. The plumage of several species is dark with a metallic sheen. An additional accidental/historical species has been added from another source. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae. Birds travel widely and are very good at finding islands on which to nest. Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The birds aggressively steal food from humans, causing potential injuries from the massive, razor-like bills. As the bird attains full maturity over the course of 3-4 years, the pupils slowly darken into a reddish-brown hue. Until 2017, these species were considered part of the family Emberizidae. For birders and identification of wild birds. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust and have stronger bills. Predatory birds are birds that hunt and eat other animals that are considered large compared to the bird itself. The mimids are a family of passerine birds which includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thraupidae. The bill is also long, decurved in the case of the ibises, straight and distinctively flattened in the spoonbills. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. Most species have black as a predominant plumage color which is often enlivened by yellow, orange, or red. The waxwings are a group of passerine birds with soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, and skimmers. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. Horned lizards use their horns to defend against predatory birds. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ptiliogonatidae. See more ideas about Birds, Beautiful birds, Pet birds. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Surf Scoter: This medium-sized diving duck is entirely black except for white patches on the forehead and nape. Often birds are seen with binoculars or with the naked eye, and only a fleeting glimpse is available. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis. The jacanas are a family of waders found worldwide within the tropical zone. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. They are forest birds which tend to feed on insects on or near the ground. Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Loons swim well and fly adequately, but are almost hopeless on land, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body. Based on numerous analyses related to these birds’ prey size, their aggressiveness and the proportion of the bird’s body size in relation to the prey size, we have appointed the winner and the whole list in that category. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes, and cryptic plumage. Gyrfalcon: Large northern falcon with three color morphs: dark, white, and gray. Immature birds, or birds that are only a few years old, can also readily be identified by having yellowish pupils. The thick-knees are a group of waders found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. Many parrots are vividly colored, and some are multi-colored. The male's head and breast are orange and there is a black patch through the eye. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. They are fish eaters which often swim with only their neck above the water. Harpy Eagles are some of the world’s largest and most powerful birds of prey. Gulls are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Email subscriber privacy policy The world’s largest predatory birds Many people wonder which bird is crowned ‘king of the skies’. In general, sparrows tend to be small plump brownish or grayish birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Their plumage is largely gray or black, and they have spear-shaped bills. They have short wings and thin down-turned bills. Nuthatches are small woodland birds. Children under 13 years of age must have a parent/guardian's consent before providing and cookie statement. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. The only member of this family in the New World, the verdin one of the smallest passerines in North America. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carcasses. They are large, black, or black-and-white, with long wings and deeply forked tails. account_circle  The swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. Their feet are four-toed and webbed. Six species were introduced to Texas, two are known to be extinct and another is thought to be, and a fourth is extirpated and possibly extinct. Tityridae is family of suboscine passerine birds found in forest and woodland in the Neotropics. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae. Many species are brightly colored. The best way, as it turns out, is to hijack birds. Insects and spiders, including those listed federally as threatened or endangered, are not protected under state law. As of June 2020, the list contained 654 species. The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. Content of this site copyright Texas Parks and Wildlife Department unless otherwise noted. Water birds that can reliably seen hunting throughout the year include Great Blue and Little Blue Herons, Snowy Egrets, Great Egrets, … The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. Tyrant flycatchers are Passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. The vireos are a group of small to medium-sized passerine birds mostly restricted to the New World, though a few other species in the family are found in Asia. The Old World flycatchers form a large family of small passerine birds. Discover what eats birds, including the most dangerous predator of all. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae. These are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. | See temporary closures and business changes, Texas Farm and Ranch Land Conservation Program, The Texas Department of State Health Services, Zoonoses Control Division. Summer Year Round Migration Winter (non breeding) iii How to Use This Book Range Maps:: I am not familiar with Texas birds so I hope you can help ID this bird the beck is orange and it was gray with some orange feathers in it's wings. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Owls in the family Tytonidae are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae. They make woven bag nests in trees. Jun 13, 2019 - Explore mscalzo's board "Predatory birds", followed by 174 people on Pinterest. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae. [2] Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list, except that the common names of families are from the Clements taxonomy because the AOS list does not include them. Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae. They tend to feed on small mammals, birds, insects and reptiles. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Peucedramidae. Texas A&M’s Veterinary Medicine program encourages, pet owners living closer to rural areas to look for nesting areas, and to stay away. Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. Note: Since birds are not usually in hand when identifying, our identification key are based on visual cues. These tags are used to annotate some species: Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. East Texas Birds, Birding, and Bird Watching We love bird watching, and East Texas is a great place for that interest! Wrens are small and inconspicuous birds, except for their loud songs. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae. Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. Verdins are insectivores, and are usually solitary except when they pair up to construct their conspicuous nests. Birds are at risk from many odd predators, including plants, fish, and frogs. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. The kinglets and "crests" are a small family of birds which resemble some warblers. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colorful facial ornaments. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae. Many of these have distinctive head patterns. They feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. The Red-tailed Hawk is a large bird with a wingspan that can approach 5 feet. Their flight is strong and direct and most are very gregarious. They are very small insectivorous birds in the single genus Regulus.

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